4 Initiatives Bridging the East-West Cultural Divide With Art

Using art as a tool for peace.

Jul 29, 2015
Special Collections: CONNECTING HEARTS
Coexist sign in Bristol, UK

Religious tolerance in Bristol, UK (1000 Words / Shutterstock.com

Art is a fundamental form of human expression with a rich past. Tracing the trajectory of its history reveals that it often mirrors the shifting states of societies at any given time. In today’s world, where conflict and strife between nations, cultures and peoples continues to surge, it may be easy to overlook art as a potential tool for peace.

Russian novelist, Leo Tolstoy, felt differently. “Art should cause violence to be set aside. And it is only art that can accomplish this,” he writes at the end of his critical work, What is Art? The following four organizations also believe in art’s ability to build bridges between opposing perspectives and foster peace among conflicting societies. Each of them presents unique approaches to uniting the cultures of the Middle East and West through art.

1. SHOWING ART IN SACRED SPACES

CARAVAN is an international arts non-profit that began as an interfaith arts festival in Cairo in 2009. Paul-Gordon Chandler - an author, US Episcopal priest, interfaith advocate and social entrepreneur - founded the organization, which has a strong emphasis on interfaith peace building efforts. CARAVAN’s mission is to use art as a means to bridge the cultural divides between the Middle East and the West.

CARAVAN implements its goals through artistic initiatives, most significantly the annual CARAVAN Exhibition/Festival of Art. This initiative is a traveling art show that takes place in a variety of locations around the world—it’s this wandering element that gives the nonprofit its name. Seeking to reach a wide audience, CARAVAN often hosts this exhibit in places that are considered either sacred or public, rather than the more conventional art venues. The Festival of Art includes related year-long programs that strive to reinforce the goals of the show and the nonprofit as a whole.

CARAVAN’s current exhibit, “The Bridge,” comprises work by Jewish, Christian and Muslim artists and is visiting major international cities for a year and a half. The show’s objective is to examine commonalities between different faiths and to bring communities together while respecting the diversity of traditions. “The Bridge” kicked off in Paris in February, moved on to Cairo in April, and is now in Trafalgar Square, London. The exhibit is scheduled to tour in France in August, Barcelona in October and November, and is coming to the US in 2016.

CARAVAN’s “The Bridge” exhibit

A section of CARAVAN’s “The Bridge” exhibit (Facebook

2. SUPPORTING LOCAL IRAQI ARTISTS

The Ruya Foundation for Contemporary Culture in Iraq (RUYA) is an Iraqi non-profit founded in 2012 and registered by the Iraq Commission for Civil Society Enterprises. RUYA’s mission is twofold: to support local Iraqi artists and to “build cultural bridges with the world.” In an effort to promote culture and art in Iraq, RUYA encourages Iraqi artists to become involved in international opportunities, which the organization helps to facilitate by working with other global institutions. RUYA has a database of artists who work with various mediums, has a blog showcasing Iraqi artists, and lists their current and past projects on their website.

Currently, RUYA is commissioning the art for the National Pavilion of Iraq for the 56thVenice Biennale. This year’s exhibit, “Invisible Beauty,” features art by photographers Latif Al Ani and Akam Shex Hadi, visual artist Rabab Ghazoul, ceramicist Salam Atta Sabri, and painter Haider Jabbar.

The show is a timely reflection of the importance of art in a society that has been plagued by war and unrest, and whose culture has been subjected to continual destruction by Isis. The title of the exhibit is a reference to the subjects of the artwork while also calling to mind “the invisibility of Iraqi artists on the international stage.” “Invisible Beauty” revolves around themes of art as a tool for survival and healing, as well as a means for preserving the past.

A drawing by Salam Atta Sabri exhibited in the Iraq Pavilion at the Venice Biennale

A drawing by Salam Atta Sabri exhibited in the Iraq Pavilion at the Venice Biennale (Facebook


3. TRAVELING ACROSS THE US IN A GULF STREAM RV

Edge of Arabia is a nonprofit that began when the founder, British artist Stephen Stapleton, traveled to the mountains of Aseer, Saudi Arabia in 2003. He befriended Saudi artists Ahmed Mater and Abdulnasser Gharem and the organization grew into an avenue for conversation and collaboration between the Middle East and West. Edge of Arabia seeks to foster connections between peoples, cultures and creeds through exhibitions, publications, residencies, and other programming. “Edge of Arabia presents a fragile but brave community of artists, as a mirror, to an increasingly excited audience, so as they might see themselves from another perspective, from another angle,” said Stapleton in the Founder’s Statement.

The nonprofit’s current project, “Edge of Arabia US Tour 2014-2017,” is traveling across the United States in a Gulf Stream RV. The converted vehicle consists of an art studio and broadcasting hub that will be on the road for three years. The tour’s traveling component, referred to as Culturunners, rests on the belief that artists moving from place to place can inspire understanding between people.

The Edge of Arabia RV

The Edge of Arabia RV (Facebook)


4. INSPIRING CONNECTION AMONG YOUNG ARTISTS

Stephen Stapleton also founded Crossway Foundation, a UK-based charity. The organization hinges on the notion that travel has the power to inspire connection and acceptance, particularly among young artists. As a result, Crossway Foundation provides opportunities for young creative individuals—particularly those from the Middle East, UK and the Americas—to travel internationally, participate in global artistic projects, and connect with each other.

A recent journey in April 2015, “Saudi Arabia and the United Kingdom to Spain,” featured six photographers from the United Kingdom, Saudi Arabia, and Spain. The young artists learned photography in Cordoba, Seville, Granada, and Madrid, and also collaborated on a publication. Crossway Foundation’s current competition “Journey to Japan 2015,” is calling for young artists, aged 18-25 from United Kingdom, Saudi Arabia, UAE, and Kuwait, wishing to win a trip to Japan for this November.

Participants re-stage Leonardo da Vinci's

Participants re-stage Leonardo da Vinci's "The Last Supper" (Facebook


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